Background

Presidents and the Constitution

Presidents and the Constitution (Volumes 1 and 2) will allow students to explore how specific constitutional principles have applied in numerous situations in history. Volume I features fifteen lessons organized according to five constitutional themes: “The President and Federal Power;” “War and the Constitution,” “Slavery and the Constitution,” “The President as Chief Diplomat,” and “Electing the President.” Volume II features three new themes as well as second units on “War and Federal Power.” Presidents and the Constitution will help your students understand the powers delegated to the President in the Constitution, and with this knowledge, to be more informed citizens and critical students of history and current events. The curriculum is made possible by The National Endowment for the Humanities and Dr. John M. Templeton, Jr.

 

Volume 1 – Table of Contents

The Bill of Rights Institute Councils………………………………………………………..ii
Acknowledgements………………………………………………………………………. iii
Preface……………………………………………………………………………………..iv
Teaching Suggestions………………………………………………………………………..v
Introductory Essay: “The Creation of the American Presidency” by David Marion, Ph.D….vi

UNIT ONE: MEDIA RIGHTS, ROLES, AND RESPONSIBILITIES
Lesson 1: Expression and Students…………………………………………………………….19
Lesson 2: Public Policy and the Press……………………………………………………………31
Lesson 3: Got Facts? Or Fiction?………………………………………………………………39

UNIT TWO: THE MEDIA AND NATIONAL SECURITY
Lesson 1: Clear and Present Danger…………………………………………………………….49
Lesson 2: Government and Prior Restraint………………………………………………………..63

UNIT THREE: THE MEDIA AND OBJECTIVITY
Lesson 1: Ethics and the Media…………………………………………………………………..73
Lesson 2: Bias and Recognizing It……………………………………………………………..81
Lesson 3: Reading in a New Way……………………………………………………………………89

UNIT FOUR: THE MEDIA AND POLITICS
Lesson 1: Argument through Logic and Emotion…………………………………………………..97
Lesson 2: Propaganda and Presidential Election……………………………………………………103
Lesson 3: Images and Selling Ideas………………………………………………………………….111
Lesson 4: Voice: What Is Said and Not Said…………………………………………………………117

UNIT FIVE: THE MEDIA AND THE FUTURE
Lesson 1: The Bill of Rights and Fahrenheit 451…………………………………………………..127
Lesson 2: Myth and the Media…………………………………………………………………….133
Lesson 3: Blogs and Mainstream Media……………………………………………………………145

Answer Key………………………………………………………………..155
A Note on Standards………………………………………………………………………………….164
Transparency Master A: The First Amendment………………………………………………….165
Glossary of Journalism Terms ……………………………………………………………………166
Glossary of Propaganda Terms …………………………………………………………………….168
Glossary of Rhetorical Devices…………………………………………………………………….170
Landmark Supreme Court Cases …………………………………………………………………….172
Media Milestones Timeline……………………………………………………………………………….175
Society of Professional Journalists’ Code of Ethics…………………………………………………..177
Web Site Evaluation……………………………………………………………………………………….179

Volume 2 – Table of Contents

Acknowledgements………………………………………………… i
Bill of Rights Institute Councils………………………………………………………..ii
Preface……………………………………………………………………………………..iii
The Bill of Rights………………………………………………………………………..iv

UNIT ONE – Powers Herein Granted: The President and Federal Power
Constitutional Connection: The President and Federal Power ……………………….. 2
“The Presidency and Federal Power” by Marc Landy, Ph.D………………………… 4
Thomas Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase ……………………….. 8
Grover Cleveland and the Texas Seed Bill Veto ……………………….. 16
Herbert Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and the Great Depression ………….. 24

UNIT TWO – Commander in Chief: War and the Constitution
Constitutional Connection: War and the Constitution ……………………….. 36
“Commanders in Chief at War” by Gleaves Whitney ……………………….. 38
War in the Early Republic ………………………………………….. 42
Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon, and the War Powers Resolution ……………..48
George W. Bush and the War on Terror ………………………………….. 58

UNIT THREE – Faithfully Execute: The President as Enforcer of the Law
Constitutional Connection: The President as Enforcer of the Law ……………………….. 66
“The President as Enforcer of the Law” by David Marion, Ph.D. ……………………….. 68
George Washington and the Whiskey Rebellion ……………………….. 72
Andrew Jackson and Indian Removal ……………………….. 78
Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Little Rock Crisis ……………………….. 86

UNIT FOUR – High Crimes and Misdemeanors: Impeachment and the Constitution
Constitutional Connection: Impeachment and the Constitution ……………………….. 102
“Impeachment and the Constitution” by Stuart Leibiger, Ph.D. ……………………….. 106
The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson ……………………….. 110
Richard Nixon and the Watergate Scandal ……………………….. 118
The Impeachment of Bill Clinton ……………………….. 126

UNIT FIVE – Together with the Vice President: Presidents and the Transfer of Power
Constitutional Connection: Presidents and the Transfer of Power ……………………..134
“Transfer of Presidential Power” by Robert M. S. McDonald, Ph.D. …………………….136
The Election of 1800 ……………………….. 140
The Election of 1860 ……………………….. 146
The Resignation of Richard Nixon ……………………….. 158

Answer Key ……………………………………………………………. 164
Appendix A: The Declaration of Independence ……………………….. 173
Appendix B: The Constitution of the United States ……………………….. 176
Appendix C: The Bill of Rights ……………………….. 186
National Standards Correlations ……………………….. 187
Special Thanks and Image Credits ……………………….. 188

 

 

Header photo provided by The National Park Service

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