Congress and the Constitution
The Civil War to 1910: The Golden Age of Parties
After the Civil War, Congress grew increasingly assertive and also became more concerned with how it organized itself as a legislative body. This period was marked by clashes over the powers of party bosses, the proper role of Speakers of the House, and the influence committees and committee chairs over the progress of legislation.
A set of actions and habits necessary for the safe, effective, and mutually beneficial participation in a society.
Reasoned and respectful sharing of ideas between individuals is the primary way people influence change in society/government, and is essential to maintain self-government.
Consent of the Governed
The government's power is only justified when its power comes from the will or approval of the people.
Citizens are best able to pursue happiness when government is confined to those powers which protect their life, liberty, and property.
Representative / Republican Government
Form of government in which the people are sovereign (the ultimate source of power) and authorize representatives to make and carry out laws.
Separation of Powers
A system of distinct powers built into the Constitution to prevent an accumulation of power in one branch.